Evaluation of some safe alternative agents against the pink stem borer, Sesamia cretica Lederer infesting sugarcane at Sohag governorate, Egypt

  • Olwan A. M. Ali Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
  • Shalby M. El-Awady Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Mohmmed K. Al-Ansare Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Reda M. Saba Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
Keywords: sugarcane, Sesamia cretica, Trichogramma evanescens, Rosmarinus officinalis, roguing

Abstract

Some different control methods, mechanical, biological and four plant extracts were tested individually against the pink stem borer, Sesamia critica Lederer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in both plant and ratoon crops of sugarcane during 2018 and 2019 at Sohag governorate, Egypt. Data were recorded on the basis of the percent infestation (dead hearts) of S. critica from April to June, while the infestation reduction percentage and population density were recorded based on the percent of infestation. The results showed that, all the control methods significantly reduced borer infestation as compared with control plots. Data demonstrated that water extracts of marjoram and rosemary achieved the lowest infestation (2.18 - 3.02%) and (1.42 – 2.00%), while the highest infestation was recorded in biological control treatment (18.00 – 13.47%) in two seasons 2018 and 2019 respectively. These results could be used in integrated pest management (IPM) programs for the pink stem borer, Sesamia critica control in sugarcane.

References

Abbott WS, 1925. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology 18: 265–267.
Afifi FA, Hekal AM, Salem M, 1988. Fenugreek seed extracts as protectants of wheat grains against certain stored product insects. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 33(2): 1331–1344.
El-Hefny AS, 2011. Field application of some plant extracts for controlling the pink stem borer sesamia cretica led. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 89(2): 499–510.
Buurma JS, 2008. Stakeholder involvement in crop protection policy planning in the Netherlands. ENDURE – RA3.5/SA4.5 Working Paper. LEI Wageningen UR, The Hague, The Netherland.
Emara MM, El-Sisi AG, Mahmoud SA, 1994. Formulation and evaluation of certain local natural products against Varroa, a mite infesting bee colonies. Mansoura University Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19(5): 1843–1850.
Fahmy AM, 2017. Response of certain promising sugarcane varieties to infestation by key insect pests under different nitrogen fertilization levels in Luxor governorate. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt, pp. 245.
Gupta MK, Singh SN, 1997. Qualitative loss in sugar cane by plassey borer and top borer damage. Indian Sugar 47(4): 275–277.
Gul F, Naeem M, Inayatullah, 2008. Effect of different control methods on the infestation of borers in sugarcane plant and ratoon crops. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 24(2): 273–278.
Humbert RP, 1968. The growing of sugarcane, 2nd Ed., Elsevier, New York, USA, pp. 280.
Heinrichs EA, 1994. Biology and management of rice insects. International Rice Research Institute, Philippines.
Irshad M, Shah MM, 1982. Mechanical control of Acigona Stenieltus Hampson. in sugarcane. Entomological News l(12): 8–11.
Kumarasinghe NC, 1999. Insect fauna associated with sugarcane plantations in Srilanka. Division of Pest Management, Sugarcane Research Institute, Uda Walawe, Srilanka.
Maareg MF, Abu-Dooh AM, Ebieda AM, 1993. Varietal resistance to purple - lined borer Chilo agamemnon Bles. and relative differential yield loss of certain local sugarcane varieties in Egypt. Annals of Agricultural Science Moshtohor Journal 31(1): 517–527.
Sardana HR, 2000. Integrated management of sugarcane root borer, Emmalocera depressella Swinhoe. Cooperative Sugar 32(4): 271–274.
Sadek MM, 2003. Antifeedant and toxic activity of Adhatoda vasica leaf extract against Spodoptera littoralis (lep. Noctuidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 127(1): 396–404.
Saroj JS, Jaipal, 2000. An IPM module for the management of major insect pests of sugarcane in Indian subtropics. Sugar Tech 3(2): 1–8.
S.C.C., 2019. Sugar Crops Council, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt. Annual Report (In Arabic).
Wheeler DA, Isman MB, 2001. Antifeedant and toxic activity of Trichilia americana extract against the larvae of Spodoptera litura. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 98: 9–16.
Waller RA, Duncan DP, 1969. A bays rule for symmetric multiple comparison problem. Journal of the American Statistical Association, pp. 1485–1503.
Published
2021-04-03
How to Cite
Ali, O., El-Awady, S., Al-Ansare, M., & Saba, R. (2021). Evaluation of some safe alternative agents against the pink stem borer, Sesamia cretica Lederer infesting sugarcane at Sohag governorate, Egypt. Journal of Phytopathology and Pest Management, 8(1), 64-70. Retrieved from https://ppmj.net/index.php/ppmj/article/view/214
Section
Research Articles